Reading Your Tire

Tire Sizing System

  • Custom or Alloy Wheels

    While custom or alloy wheels require an increased level of care over steel wheels, it is vitally important that each customer receives the highest level of service. There are several key points to note when mounting Yokohama tires. Following these basic precautions yields consistent results.

  • Alpha-Numeric Sizing System

    In 1968, a new concept was introduced worldwide. The Alpha-Numeric sizing system is a load-based system where tires are designated by their load-carrying capacity and aspect ratio. The first letter is the load and size relationship, with letters ranging from A to N. The lower the letter, the smaller the size and, of course, the lower the load-carrying capacity of the tire.

  • P-Metric Sizing System

    To accommodate the smaller tires used on compact cars, the P-Metric (Passenger Metric) system was created in 1976. The maximum inflation pressures of P-Metric tires were raised for lower rolling resistance. The P-Metric system is widely used by domestic tire manufacturers.

  • Custom or Alloy Wheels

    Because Europe primarily uses the metric system of measurement, the metric sizing system was developed. It is essentially a conversion of the Numeric system. Section widths are notated in millimeters instead of inches. Originally, tires not identified with an aspect ratio were assumed to be 82-series. When 60- and 70 series tires appeared, the aspect ratio was added to the nomenclature, similar to the P-Metric system.

  • SO Metric Sizing System

    International Standards Organization (ISO) Metric system combines the Metric system with a service description. The service description provides the load index along with the speed rating symbol.

  • Millimetric Sizing System

    The Millimetric sizing system is similar to the Metric system except that the rim diameter is also represented in millimeters.

  • Light Truck Numeric System

    Similar to the Numeric system for cars, it lists the section width in inches, construction type, rim diameter in inches, plus the light truck designation.

  • Light Truck Metric Sizing System

    Similar to the P-Metric system, except the P is replaced with the LT light truck designation. Also, LT-Metric and P-Metric tires differ in construction.

  • Light Truck High Flotation System

    The same as the Light Truck Numeric system with tire diameter added to the front.

High Flotation vs. LT-Metric vs. LT-Numeric

As the size dimensions increase, Flotation-sized tires will have wider overall width than their LT-Metric and LT-Numeric designed counterparts. Another difference is the Flotation sizes typically require wider wheel widths than LT-Metric and LT-Numeric sizes.

Size Designation Actual Dimensions (in.)
overall diameter x overall width
High Flotation 30 x 9.5R15 29.8 x 9.6
LT-Metric LT235/75R15 29.2 x 9.3
LT-Numeric 7.00R15LT 30.3 x 8.1

Static loaded dimensions measured on a 7.0 wheel.